Effects of Employment Training Program on the well-being of the disabled persons-Evidence from China
Increasing the employment opportunities and income for the disabled persons are both important to safeguard the economic and social rights of this vulnerable groups, and to build an inclusive society. The goals are challenging to achieve because of: 1) the mismatch between economic structure and the education and training system for the disabled persons; 2) incoherent designing and ineffective implementation of various welfare programs for the disabled persons (赖德胜等 2008); 3) discriminatory attitude and practices by employers; 5) ineffective design and delivery of employment training programs (England 2003; Kulkami and Kote 2013).
Investigating the effects of government employment training programs enables us to identify the factors that contribute to the increase of the disabled persons’ income, and to provide evidence for policymakers to improve the training programs in order to realize the aforementioned goals.
The study is based on a large size sample questionnaire survey conducted in June-October 2018. The questionnaire is disseminated through an online website to the disabled persons’ mobile app Wechat. The respondents are located in 31 provincial administrative areas, and received 11296 responses. The questionnaire collects information about the characteristics of employment training programs delivered by the agencies, the respondents’ employment training experiences and training needs, their attitude towards the content, facilities and effects of the programs, the status of their employment, and their personal characteristics such as age, gender, education, income level, household registration status, and types and degree of disability. We also collect statistics that reflect the differences in terms of economic development and public service expenditure across provinces and regions. We use the linear regression model to test the effects of all these factors on the capability of the respondents to use the skills learned from the training programs to increase their income. The study concludes that the respondents are more likely to increase their income through training programs when the training content fits their jobs more, when they aim to develop interests and hobbies through training, and when they are more masterful of the training content. Different from many studies on the effect of performance management on job training performance, the findings suggest that responsive design and effective performance management of the training programs matter for positive program performance (Gerrish 2016). The study will also link with and contribute to the literature on social equity and employment policy for disabled persons that are rarely researched in public administration (e.g. Lindsay, Adams, McDougall and Sanford 2012; Gooden 2015).
disabled, differently abled, china